And the Printing Press - An Example of turning Plays into Profit
I. The Kronborg Castle Exterior
Kronborg Castle: model of how the garrison grew, Helsingor, DK
Fair use of a small portion of the model.
There is one main tall tower, distinguishing Kronborg from Frederiksborg, with its four tall towers. The TV show Ghost Hunters was at Kronborg in 2011, see http://www.masslive.com/television/index.ssf/2011/01/ghost_hunters_international_ta.html
That renovation included the fortifications and weapons and garrison facilities needed in case Sweden invaded. There is no evidence, we understand, that Shakespeare ever visited here. Apparently he liked the name Elsinore, it sounded somewhat like Kronborg, the location was dramatically suited, so he used it. The play plays at Kronborg in the summer of 2011, see http://www.denmark.dk/en/servicemenu/News/Culture-News/HamletIsComingHome.htm
A. Modern amenities
Without a printing press, like this one from Kronborg Castle, would the plays have spread? Not much. This was a mechanical way of reproducing books, tracts, anything written by hand before. Johannes Gutenberg invented the first one in 1440, see http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/printpress.htm
From large tiled ceramic wood-burning stoves, to the condensed metal stove, heating was greatly improved from the drafty huge fireplaces. Could the Dark Ages have ended without the North finally being cozy easier, able to spend time thinking, inventing, jawboning around the heater, see Wood Burning Stove as End of Dark Ages
This would have been a wood-burning stove. The little door is for removing ashes. This looks like a 5-plate or jamb stove, and those were first made in Germany See http://www.antiquestoves.com/history.htm Jamb stoves: invented in the early 16th Century, weighed 320-400 lbs, expensive. Not for regular people. http://www.hvva.org/hvvanews6-5.htm (this site focuses on such stoves imported to and later made in America).
These stoves were often set in the wall, and fired by the fireplace in the next room, see http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/iadpenn/iadpenn-29109.html
This style looks different from the sandcast pattern technique used in America, however, because the front panel looks cast in a smooth way, not the sand mold. See site.
The crown motif derives from the Coat of Arms Crown of Denmark, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:National_Coat_of_arms_of_Denmark.svg What are the initials below: Elaborate C for Christian IV? F for Frederik? King Frederick II lived here after he expanded it in the mid-1500's. Christian was his son, heir, next king.
Later coal stoves are cylindrical in shape, with the hole at the top, covered by an iron removable ring.
Translation needed for the carved inscription.