Danish Jewish Museum, Copenhagen
Copenhagen presents the Nazi-WWII-Holocaust experience as to that country effectively. The sites are manageable in size, and focused. In Germany, the concentration camp settings are so large, and the quantity of photos and films and other documentation so overwhelming, as to become numbing. We consider these photos from the Resistance Museum to be fair use of a totality. Let us know, Museum, if you object to us highlighting your work this way.
Nazis occupied Denmark from 1940-1945. Members of the Danish Resistance were executed with few exceptions, when discovered. The Grand Hall at the museum shows a stained glass window area, nondenominational, with the last letters of many of them on exhibit, as to those who had jail time and writing materials - few did.
Hangings, apparently not of Danish Resistance members WWII. but Russian Resistance members being hanged in Minsk, See comment
My notes could have been wrong. Someone please check at the museum? Thanks.
a. Ryvangen (off site)
Killing the Resistance also took place by means of mass shootings largely at Ryvang, Tuborg, with burials hastily arranged and a memorial since erected. See http://www.copenhagenet.dk/CPH-MAP/CPH-Ryvang.asp.
This site cites over a hundred. See http://www.suite101.com/content/the-museum-of-danish-resistance-a49964.
Is that an accounting of the hangings and other murders?
But that cannot include the 200 bodies found buried at Ryvangen, however, that 200 according to the museum exhibit itself.
Ryvangen, from Museum of Danish Resistance, Copenhagen, burials of resistance workers executed or who otherwise died there.
The names of many are known only because someone wrote a list and inserted it as a cylinder into a little bottle. The numbered markers are for particular graves, scraped into the ground.
Museum of Danish Resistance, Copenhagen. List of killed resistance workers and grave markers, Ryvangen
b. Resistance activities
Resistance included, as elsewhere, homemade bombs, industrial and personnel sabotage, communications, and in October 1943, organizing the saving of hundreds of Jews by arranging the smuggling of them to Sweden. See Gilleleje and its fishing boats. These steps had not been needed at the outset. The Danes knew they could not prevail over a German military invasion through the Schleswig Holstein area at Jutland, or by water or air so close; so accepted broadly the German control of media and other matters. Daily life was not that much changed. See http://www.suite101.com/content/the-museum-of-danish-resistance-a49964. Then it was: curfews, outlawing the communist party,
d. Saving the Jews.
History in Denmark:
Denmark had invited educated, financier and merchants Jewish persons to settle, and by 1619 there was a thriving community at Fredericia. The Danish government protected the Jewish population in WWII as long as its government still functioned independently. However, the Germans launched an anti-Jewish campaign in October 1943. The German Reich Commissioner for Occupied Denmark, Werner Best, approved, as did Hitler; see Werner Best, who had been the Senior Security Police and SS leader before becoming Reich Commissioner at the Holocaust Education and Archive Research Team site, http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/nazioccupation/best.html. Best's motives for acting at that particular time, after several years of Occupation, are not clear. Also read about the Danish Resistance Movement at that site, http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/revolt/danishresistance.html
The German Leak
It was a member of the German legation who leaked the plans, enabling the mass rescue.
Over 7,000 Jews escaped arrest, with citizens and members of the Resistance. However, another 481 Jews were caught, and sent to Theresienstadt in the now Czech Republic, see http://czechrepublicroadways.blogspot.com/2007/08/old-terezin-theresienstadt.html. Fifty two died, whether there or after transport elsewhere, is not told. The story of Danish Jews during the War is also told at the Holocaust Research Project site, http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/nazioccupation/danishjews.html
e. Holocaust, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, elsewhere
This museum presents artifacts, history, a reading room, shop, and the logo "Mitzvah", for good deed, at the front door and elsewhere. See http://www.jewmus.dk/logo.asp The letters themselves are the framework for the walking areas within the museum. As in Berlin's holocaust museum, there are few right angles, slants everywhere, a feeling of disorientation intended and resulting in many places. See also http://www.arcspace.com/architects/Libeskind/jewish_cph2/jewish_cph2.html