Froslev, Denmark, is currently in the news because Denmark has tightened its borders with other European Union countries, including Froslev's nearby border crossing to and from Germany. See http://www.forexyard.com/en/news/Reuters-World-News-Highlights-1800-GMT-July-5-2011-07-05T180000Z We crossed without stopping. Now, not so.
Immigration to Denmark is not as free as it was recently. As part of the European union to date, Denmark had permitted free access back and forth across its borders without checks on papers. Denmark is asserting rights to scrutinize who enters.
Froslev is otherwise known for its World War II internment camp,
Rroslev Internment Camp, Jutland, DK. Guard tower.
1. Purpose of camp,
The Froslev Camp was built to cage political prisoners, members of the Resistance that were spared somehow from summary trials and executions, by connections or whatever, see http://www.visitdenmark.com/island/is-is/menu/turist/oplevelser/attraktioner/produktside.htm?wbc_purpose=Bas?CallerUrl=1&wbc_purpose=Bas&Id=006174; or other high ranking persons opposed to Nazism (Germany occupied Denmark from 1940-1945).
Froslev was not a place to collect Jews, gypsies, other ethnic or mental "defectives" or challenges to Naziism as a whole, not a labor camp, not an extermination camp, not a concentration camp. Froslev was a severe but manageable holding pen. These were, after all, fellow "Aryans" - the master white race -- even if temporarily misguided.
2. Keep Denmark happy.
It was a nod by Germany to its need for Danish cooperation (not another military front). It required hard work for some (just the rebellious?), but provided basically decent living and diet conditions, There was always threat. My understanding is that Danes ran the camp, at Nazi bidding; and did follow orders to transport rebellious prisoners to Theresienstadt CZ or other concentration and labor and extermination camps in Germany's territory.
Froslev Internment Camp DK, sand pit work area, Jutland, DK
3. People still died here, or were transported elsewhere for death, or a chance at survival if they were lucky
There are memorials to those who died, or who were transported to Theresienstadt, CZ, for further disposition.
Some 1,600 prisoners of the German Security Police were transported to German camps; with some total 8,000 interned here. See http://www.visitdenmark.com/island/is-is/menu/turist/oplevelser/attraktioner/produktside.htm?wbc_purpose=Bas?CallerUrl=1&wbc_purpose=Bas&Id=006174
Our understanding is that troublemakers from here at Froslev were transported to Terezin, or Theresienstadt.
Guard tower view, Froslev Internment Camp, Froslev, Jutland, DK
Further memorial, deaths at Froslev.
HItler puppet caricature, Froslev Internment Camp, Froslev, Jutland DK (fair use)
A favorite theme is puppetry. Who is pulling whose strings.
And the familiar imagery of the ostrich: head in sand. Whose, when?
An overall theme is the moral dedication of Danes, as they see themselves, through the ages as warriors for good causes. Denmark, and worldwide. See the scope of apparel, uniforms, equipment.
Stove for barracks, Foslev WWII Internment Camp, Jutland, DK '
AtFrpslev Museum, Internment Camp during WWII, Jutland, KK.
After the war, German officials and other ranking persons, including Danish collaborators whose actions to support the Nazis came under scrutiny, were held here until further disposition. Did any from Denmark warrant trial at Nuremberg?